IB Overview


Mrs. Kyra Brown - IB Coordinator (Middle Years Programme and Diploma Programme)

Email Kyra Brown

Phone: 407-835-2300 ext. 6092239

Fax: 407-835-2337

JHS IB Webpage Link –




Commonly Used IB Acronyms and Vocabulary

Anticipated Student: A junior student who is completing the requirements for the IB Diploma.

ab initio: "From the Beginning: A Standard Level World Language Course. The ab initio language exam must be taken at the end of grade 12 and is equivalent to three language levels

Anticipated Candidates: Junior students in the IB Diploma Programme

Approaches To Learning (ATL): a systematic development of learning skills: communication, collaboration, organization, self-management, reflection, research, informational literacy, media literacy, creative and critical thinking.

Assessment Criteria: Four equally weighted criteria with eight possible achievement levels. Each level has unique descriptors for teachers to use to evaluate student work.

Creativity, Activity and Service (CAS): a requirement for the IB Diploma. Student learning and experiences outside of the classroom. 18 month commitment to exploring areas in creativity, activity and service. Seven areas of growth are documented through goal setting and reflection..

Certificate: A document issued by the IBO once a student has taken an IB exam for an IB course.

(Key) Concepts: key ideas that cross disciplines and should be used when developing integrated units of study. Aesthetics, Change, Communication, Communities, Connections, Creativity, Culture, Development, Form, Global interactions, Identity, Logic, Perspective, Relationships, Systems, Time,Place and Space

Course Student: A junior or senior student who is not working toward the IB Diploma, but is taking an IB course and therefore is taking an IB exam.

Diploma Candidate: A senior student who is completing the requirements for the IB Diploma.

DP: International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme, a two-year comprehensive programme, designed for ages 16 – 19 or grades 11 and 12. A school must successfully complete authorization in order to become an IB World School.

Extended Essay (EE):- a requirement for the IB Diploma. The EE is a 4,000-word research paper written by a Diploma Candidate, Students choose their own topics and are supervised by a faculty advisor.

External Assessments (EA): A component of a class, such as a World Literature essay or May IB exams, that is not graded by the TRHS teacher, but rather is sent to an IB examiner for assessment.

Global Contexts: A set of contexts that encourages students to explore international mindedness and global engagement. These should be used when developing Integrated Units of Study:

Identities and Relationships, Orientation in space and time, Personal and cultural expression, Scientific and technical innovation, Globalization and sustainability, Fairness and development

Group Subjects: IB students are required to take classes in six subject areas: 3 higher level and 3 standard level:

Group 1: Literature

Group 2: World language

Group 3: Individuals and Societies (History)

Group 4: Experimental sciences (biology, chemistry, environmental sciences and physics)

Group 5: Math

Group 6: The Arts or a second subject from group 4 MYP additional subjects

Group 7: Physical Education (MYP 6th - 10th)

Group 8: Design (technology) (MYP 6th - 10th)

Higher Level (HL): A course of study with increased depth and breadth of subject in comparison to a Standard Level (SL) course. All HL courses are a two year course sequence with examinations the senior year.

Internal Assessments (IA): IB required assessments provided by the teacher.. Depending on the subject the IA could be oral exams, projects, essays, experiments, case studies, etc. that are scored by the teacher. IB externally moderates to ensure quality. A randomly selected sample of these assessments are sent to IB to ensure that the IB teacher is scoring according to the IB rubric.

IB: International Baccalaureate (also IBO, International Baccalaureate Organization)

IB Diploma: A document issued by the International Baccalaureate Organization once a student has earned the minimum number of points after completing the requirements for the IB Diploma.

Marks: IBO’s language for grades given to internal and external assessments as well as exams.

MYP: International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme, designed for ages 11 to 16 or students in the 6th through 10th grade.

Orals: Students in English A1 (Group 1) and World Languages (Group 2) must complete oral presentations. These presentations are sent to IB examiners for assessment. (Students in Film and Visual Arts complete a similar process.)

Paper: IBO’s language for an exam in a subject area. An IB exam is never just one exam, but rather a series of “papers,” often administered over the course of two days.

Predicted Grade (PG): IB teachers submit to IB their prediction of the grade the student will earn in their IB subject. Students do not see these grades, nor do they figure in their ultimate IB grade in the subject. They are used for initial acceptance to university in countries other than the United States.

PYP: International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme, designed for ages 3 through 12 or grades K–5.

Scores: Scores for IB exams range from 1 – 7, 1 being the lowest score and 7 being the highest. Scores are determined by points assessed by the various components for the exam, then broken down into defined ranges for each score of 1 – 7. Both TOK and the Extended Essay are awarded letter grades and dependent on one’s grades in these two requirements, students may earn up to 3 bonus points, applied to their total Diploma score.

Standard Level (SL): A course study of study consisting of less depth and breadth when compared to a higher level course. It should consist of 150 hours. Many courses are one year in length, but some do occur over two years. (Students may take up to two SL tests after one year of study. This is dependent on course availability and student level of study in a subject area.) A diploma student must take 3 HL courses and 3 SL courses over the junior and senior years.

Theory of Knowledge (TOK): A requirement for the IB diploma. TOK is the IB Diploma Programme capstone course, which asks students to reflect on the nature of knowledge. This course integrates all six subjects with the goal of teaching students that all knowledge is related.

Kyra Brown, IB Coordinator

407.835.2300, Ext. 6092239